Ferguson, Adam

(1724-1816)
Though less revered as a philosopher than his fellow luminary of the Scottish Enlightenment , David Hume , Ferguson has a better claim to be considered among the founders of modern sociology. His critique of the ‘self-interest’ view of human nature followed Hume's lead, but Ferguson took his view of humans as inescapably social in nature forward into a critical analysis of the new commercial civilization then displacing the older clan-based society of the Scottish Highlands. His views on the effects of the division of labour were significant precursors of later work on this topic by Karl Marx and Émile Durkheim , and the concepts of self-estrangement and alienation are also prefigured in Ferguson's writings. See also interests.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Ferguson, Adam — ▪ Scottish philosopher born June 20, 1723, Logierait, Perthshire, Scot. died Feb. 22, 1816, St. Andrews, Fife  historian and philosopher of the Scottish “common sense” school of philosophy who is remembered as a forerunner of modern sociology for …   Universalium

  • FERGUSON, ADAM —    a Scotch philosopher and historian, born at Logierait, Perthshire; after passing through the universities of St. Andrews and Edinburgh, he in 1745 was appointed Gaelic chaplain to the Black Watch Highland Regiment, and was present at the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Ferguson, Adam — (1723 1816)    Philosopher and historian, s. of the parish minister of Logierait, Perthshire, studied at St. Andrews and Edin. Univ., in the latter of which he was successively Professor of Mathematics, and Moral Philosophy (1764 1785). As a… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Ferguson — Ferguson, Adam …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Adam (Vorname) — Adam ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Namenstage 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adam Ferguson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ferguson. Adam Ferguson, né le 20 juin 1723 à Logierait dans le Perthshire, mort à Saint Andrews le 22 février 1816, est un écrivain écossais. Il est jusqu en 1757 aumônier d un régiment écossais. Cette année là …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adam Ferguson — (* 20. Juni 1723 in Logierait bei Perth; † 22. Februar 1816 in St Andrews) war ein schottischer Historiker und Sozialethiker der Aufklärung. Er gilt als Mitbegründer der Soziologie, da er die Klassenunterschiede in der Sozialstruktur der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adam Ferguson — Adam Ferguson, also known as Ferguson of Raith (20 June 1723 (O.S.) (July 1, N.S.) 22 February 1816) was a philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment.LifeBorn at Logierait in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland, he received his education at …   Wikipedia

  • Ferguson (Familienname) — Ferguson ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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